What is Time and Value of Money: Explained

by Lalithaa

The notion of the time value of money indicates that an amount of money is worth more now than it will be at a later period due to the possibility of profits in the interim. This is a fundamental financial principle. A sum of money held in one’s hand is more valuable than a sum to be paid later. If you want to understand the concept in depth with the gst explained, you can get more information here.

Understanding TVM

Because a sum of money, once invested, rises over time, investors prefer to receive money today rather than the same amount of money in the future. Money placed in a savings account, for example, earns interest. Interest is added to the principal over time, earning more interest. Compounding interest has that kind of power.

The value of money depreciates over time if it is not invested. If you put $1,000 in a mattress and leave it there for three years, you will lose the additional money it could have made if invested. Because of inflation, it will have even less purchasing power when you get it back.

As an example, suppose you have the choice of earning $10,000 today or $10,000 in two years. Due to the opportunity costs involved with the delay, $10,000 today has greater worth and usefulness than $10,000 two years from now, despite the equivalent face value.

In other terms, a late payment is a squandered chance.

Formula of TVM

The time value of the money formula may vary slightly depending on the circumstances. The generalized formula, for example, contains more or fewer components in the case of annuity or perpetuity payments. The simplest basic TVM formula, however, takes into account the following variables:

  • FV = Future value of money
  • PV = Present value of money
  • i = interest rate
  • n = number of compounding periods per year
  • t = number of years

Based on these variables, the formula for TVM is:

FV = PV x [ 1 + (i / n) ] (n

Assume a $10,000 investment is made for a year at a rate of 10% compounded annually. That money’s future value is:

FV = $10,000 multiplied by [1 + (10 percent / 1)] $11,000 (1 × 1)

The formula can also be altered to get the present-day value of the future total. For example, the current dollar amount, compounded annually at 7% interest, that would be worth $5,000 in one year is:

PV = $5,000 / [1 + (7% / 1)] ^ (1 x 1) = $4,673


It’s difficult to think of a single area of finance where the time value of money does not play a role in decision-making. The key notion of discounted cash flow (DCF) analysis, which is one of the most popular and prominent approaches for appraising investment opportunities, is the time value of money.

It is also a necessary component of financial planning and risk management. For example, pension fund managers take into account the time value of money to ensure that their account holders will have enough money after retirement.

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